Oral Thrush in Babies, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Oral Thrush in Babies, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments. The time you feed your baby is supposed to be a relaxing and bonding time between you.

It’s time to take a moment to relax, slow down, and gaze at your baby’s eyes as they fill their stomachs and gaze at you with awe and affection.

That’s the way it is supposed to work. If your child is crying and not eating, turn their mouth away from the nipple.

Rather than towards it or appearing to have white tongue spots, they might be suffering from thrush. At the same time, thrush in infants can be pretty common. And it is not always harmful.

It can be a bit annoying. Particularly for a baby who might not be able to enjoy eating. Ugh. Here’s the best way to handle the oral thrush that your child has in his mouth.

We will discuss the best way to manage this typical problem.

What is Thrush in Babies?

Thrush is a prevalent yeast infection. Candida Albicans cause it. It is a fungus that can affect the mouth and the genital area.

However, this fungus can be present throughout the body with no issue. When it gets beyond control, you may begin to see white patches appearing on the mouth of your child’s cheeks.

These white patches can appear on the tongue, cheeks, or lips.

Oral Thrush in Babies, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

The patches may also be visible on the areas of your genitals and even around your nipples if you’re nursing (which is precisely the same on you and the baby).

What Causes Babies To Develop Thrush?

Although the fungal infection is called thrush, it can be found in your baby’s mouth. Most likely, it began in the birth canal of your baby in the form of a yeast-related infection.

And your baby’s mouth picked it up when she could make her way to the world.

Candida is an organism that typically hangs in the vagina and mouth. And it is usually maintained under control by other microorganisms.

If you are sick, begin taking antibiotics or notice hormonal changes. The balance could be disturbed by hormonal changes like those during pregnancy, allowing Candida to multiply and cause the infection.

Oral Thrush in Babies, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Because thrush usually shows up during birth. It’s typically seen among infants and children younger than two months.

Older children can also get thrush after taking antibiotics to combat another illness. It destroys those “good” bacteria that control yeast or suffer from a weak immune system.

Thrush may also develop when the breast of the mom isn’t dry enough after feeding. It also develops when yeast develops, leading to an infection.

Also, pacifiers or bottles could make the insides of a baby’s mouth too humid. It provides the perfect conditions for yeast to flourish.

Symptoms of Thrush

  • White, strangely shaped spots inside the mouth
  • Apply a lip gloss to the inner cheeks or lips.
  • Sometimes, it coats the tongue.
  • It sticks in the mouth. It isn’t washable or easily wiped away like curds of milk.
  • Sometimes, it causes an uncomfortable mouth, reduced sucking, and reduced milk intake.
  • Mild discomfort or no signs in the majority of newborns
  • The baby is fed through a bottle or breastfed
  • They don’t need to feed

Are Oral Thrush And Oral Thrush Both Contagious?

Although the fungus can be transmitted, it cannot spread quickly. The most commonly used sources of transmission are:

  • Toys for teething
  • Dummies
  • Teats
  • Bottles

The yeast can be transferred from one person to another. For instance, when a child is chewing on toys that are infected.

Another typical source of infection for babies is their mothers’ vaginas. Vaginal, oral thrush at birth since the yeast is usually found in tiny amounts within the vagina.

Should I Continue To Breastfeed When My Baby Is Suffering From Thrush?

It’s unnecessary to have your breastfeeding suspended if either of you has been diagnosed with thrush. However, the condition can cause discomfort for both of you.

This is a further reason to seek immediate treatment for both is essential.

Oral Thrush in Babies, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

One way to help those breastfeeding with thrush. Suppose you’re in a private space and have pleasant weather. Then, expose your nipples to sunlight for a short time each day.

It is because yeast is averse to sunlight. Probiotics can help speed healing and reduce yeast also. Furthermore, they’re suitable to consume while nursing.

If your baby seems unhappy during feedings, you can continue feeding your baby the bottle or breast when you’re pumping or formula feeding.

When the treatment begins to kick in, and her symptoms diminish, she’ll typically eat again in no time.


How Do You Avoid Oral Thrush?

Thrush is an illness that is caused by a fungal infection called Candida. Certain conditions can cause the fungus to develop more rapidly than average.

Oral thrush is just one of the oral and dental health issues babies may experience. Therefore, it’s best to visit a pediatrician and a dentist regularly to prevent them from occurring as much as possible. If your child doesn’t have one yet, you can always search for a phrase like “dentist near me, Kelowna” or “pedia near me,” It should provide a list of experts you can contact.

It is possible to get thrush when you’re:

  • Using antibiotics for an extended period
  • Use of asthma inhalers
  • Getting cancer treatment as chemotherapy

There are a few actions you can take to assist in the prevention of oral thrush.


  • Take proper care of your teeth.
  • Brush twice per day and clean your dentures. And make sure you have regular dental check-ups, even if you wear dentures.
  • Brush your tongue and gums using the help of a soft toothbrush, even if you don’t have teeth.
  • Sterilize dummies regularly
  • Sterilize bottles following each use
  • Make sure to rinse your mouth clean when you eat or take medication
  • Make sure you have regular checks if you have an ongoing condition such as diabetes


  • Don’t wear your dentures in the evening.
  • Do not continue wearing dentures if the dentures do not look or fit well – visit your dentist.
  • Do not smoke

Stopping It From Occurring Again

Candida is highly contagious. It’s because it’s a dimorphic fungus. This means it can switch between yeast and mold based on temperature. Sneaky!

This remarkable ability aids Candida to spread or survive and cause illness easily.

It is essential to ensure that both baby and you are taken care of in a way that Candida isn’t able to move from your baby’s mouth to your nipple and then back to the mouth of your baby.

Here’s a list of prevention tips for your baby

  • Make time to clean your baby’s hands, toys, and pacifiers.
  • Wash towels, clothes, and bras that may have come in contact with Candida. It is recommended to wash them with a hot cycle.
  • If you’re pumping the milk. Then, ensure it is chilled until the day before you use it to avoid yeast development.
  • Do not forget to sterilize your breast pump and its components, even if you’re ready to lie down.


A doctor will look over the infant for signs that indicate thrush. Sometimes, they’ll collect a swab or the infected tissue sample.

Then he will examine the tissue under a microscope. In the event of Candida-related infection, the sample could be tested for Candida to verify the diagnosis.

Treatment For Babies With Thrush

Once you’ve made the information, you must address the cause. Here’s a brief overview of your options for treating oral thrush.

Medical Treatment

To treat oral thrush, your physician might prescribe antifungal medications. It may be drops or gel with nystatin in it.

It should be sprayed over the tongue and within the mouth several times throughout the day for 10 consecutive days. The easiest method for doing this is to apply a sponge to apply the solution.

The Treatment Is Available Over The Counter

Suppose you notice thrush affecting the diaper area of your baby’s scalp. You might be able to apply non-prescription antifungals. First of all, consult your doctor.

Oral Thrush in Babies, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

If your child is getting older, your physician might suggest including lactobacilli (a probiotic bacteria) in her food. LactobacilliTrusted Source acts as “good” bacteria.

It is to help remove the fungus. Probiotics are available in the form of a food supplement. However, be sure to pick a reliable brand suitable for infants.

Also Read: Why Oral Hygiene Is a Must for a Baby

Home Remedies

These remedies at home for thrush are frequently marketed as cures that work. But they should be considered with caution.

You might think of them as complementary instead of primary treatment options.

Oral Thrush in Babies, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Baking soda. Add half a teaspoon of baking soda to a cup of boiling and cool water. Utilize the clean cotton bud to clean the solution in your baby’s mouth.

Tea tree oil. Add one or two drops of tea tree oil to half a cup of boiling chilled water. Apply it using the cleanest cotton buds.

Coconut oil is virgin. One study conducted by a trusted source suggested that coconut oil can be used for treating fungal infections. Particularly, since they are resistant to antibiotics, Candida species are emerging.

Grapefruit seed extract (GSE). It’s possible to stay clear of this product despite claims that GSE is the cure for illnesses. This is because it’s hard to determine the product’s source. In a previous study, Trusted Source discovered benzalkonium chloride and the chemical triclosan (banned from the Food and Drug Administration in soaps to fight bacterial infections) within one particular extract even when these chemicals don’t exist in the extract of seeds.

The most important thing to remember is to consult your pediatric physician before applying other treatments to your baby’s thrush. This is especially true for oral thrush. Remember that your baby will eventually eat small portions of whatever is on the tongue.


Baby thrush is a yeast infection. Candida Albicans cause it. In a baby, white thrush patches occur on the skin, mainly the throat, lips, and other body parts.

It can affect both mother and baby. You can prevent it by taking simple home remedies. In case of a severe condition, you should consult a pediatric doctor.


How can I tell what my baby’s condition is?

  • Thrush symptoms in the newborn are:
  • Sores are white, soft, and smooth in the mouth and on the tongue.
  • Cleaning the sores could lead to bleeding.
  • The mug is red.
  • Diaper rash.
  • Mood changes, for example, being excessively fussy.
  • Refusing to nurse due to soreness.

How can a baby develop Thrush?

Thrush may also develop when the mom’s breasts aren’t adequately dried after feeding. The yeast begins to grow, resulting in an infection.

Also, pacifiers or bottles could cause the insides of a baby’s mouth to be incredibly moist, creating the ideal environment for yeast to flourish.

Does baby thrush mean something serious?

Oral Thrush can be described as a form of fungus-related infection prevalent among infants. It manifests as dry, milky-white spots within and around the child’s mouth.

Most of the time, oral Thrush does not appear so severe and cannot be noticed.

Do you think oral Thrush is an issue for babies?

Oral Thrush can cause infants a sore mouth and make eating difficult or uncomfortable; however, many babies do not notice anything.

Do babies who are fed formula get Thrush?

The iron found in the formula for infants can cause the formation of Thrush. Bottle-fed infants tend to develop the condition more often than those who exclusively breastfeed.

How can I tell whether it’s Thrush or milk?

One of the most effective methods to distinguish between the two is to clean off the residue using the help of a damp, warm cloth.

If the residue disappears or is less apparent, then you’re dealing with milk residue, not Thrush. Remember that milk residue becomes more visible after meals and appears on the tongue.

How long will the baby’s Thrush take to disappear?

The Thrush infants suffer from usually disappears in 2 weeks, and caregivers or parents may be advised to observe the condition but not to use medications.

Sometimes, a doctor may recommend drops or a gel to be applied to the mouth’s interior rather than just placed on the tongue.

Is Thrush untreated in Infants?

A severe, untreated thrush could be spread to the Esophagus. The tract of the urinary. The whole body is affected, causing organ failure and death.